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Sorting Things Out


Author : Geoffrey C. Bowker
language : en
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date : 2000-08-25


Download Sorting Things Out written by Geoffrey C. Bowker and has been published by MIT Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2000-08-25 with Science categories.


What do a seventeenth-century mortality table (whose causes of death include "fainted in a bath," "frighted," and "itch"); the identification of South Africans during apartheid as European, Asian, colored, or black; and the separation of machine- from hand-washables have in common? All are examples of classification -- the scaffolding of information infrastructures.In Sorting Things Out, Geoffrey C. Bowker and Susan Leigh Star explore the role of categories and standards in shaping the modern world. In a clear and lively style, they investigate a variety of classification systems, including the International Classification of Diseases, the Nursing Interventions Classification, race classification under apartheid in South Africa, and the classification of viruses and of tuberculosis.The authors emphasize the role of invisibility in the process by which classification orders human interaction. They examine how categories are made and kept invisible, and how people can change this invisibility when necessary. They also explore systems of classification as part of the built information environment. Much as an urban historian would review highway permits and zoning decisions to tell a city's story, the authors review archives of classification design to understand how decisions have been made. Sorting Things Out has a moral agenda, for each standard and category valorizes some point of view and silences another. Standards and classifications produce advantage or suffering. Jobs are made and lost; some regions benefit at the expense of others. How these choices are made and how we think about that process are at the moral and political core of this work. The book is an important empirical source for understanding the building of information infrastructures.

Sorting Things Out The Classification Of Nursing Work 8 Organizational Forgetting Nursing Knowledge And Classification Iv The Theory And Practice Of Classifications 9 Categorical Work And Boundary Infrastructures Enriching Theories Of Classification 10 Why Classifications Matter


Author : Geoffrey C. Bowker
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1999


Download Sorting Things Out The Classification Of Nursing Work 8 Organizational Forgetting Nursing Knowledge And Classification Iv The Theory And Practice Of Classifications 9 Categorical Work And Boundary Infrastructures Enriching Theories Of Classification 10 Why Classifications Matter written by Geoffrey C. Bowker and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1999 with Knowledge, Sociology of categories.


What do a seventeenth-century mortality table (whose causes of death include "fainted in a bath," "frighted," and "itch"); the identification of South Africans during apartheid as European, Asian, colored, or black; and the separation of machine- from hand-washables have in common? All are examples of classification--the scaffolding of information infrastructures. In Sorting Things Out, Geoffrey C. Bowker and Susan Leigh Star explore the role of categories and standards in shaping the modern world. In a clear and lively style, they investigate a variety of classification systems, including the International Classification of Diseases, the Nursing Interventions Classification, race classification under apartheid in South Africa, and the classification of viruses and of tuberculosis. The authors emphasize the role of invisibility in the process by which classification orders human interaction. They examine how categories are made and kept invisible, and how people can change this invisibility when necessary. They also explore systems of classification as part of the built information environment. Much as an urban historian would review highway permits and zoning decisions to tell a city's story, the authors review archives of classification design to understand how decisions have been made. Sorting Things Out has a moral agenda, for each standard and category valorizes some point of view and silences another. Standards and classifications produce advantage or suffering. Jobs are made and lost; some regions benefit at the expense of others. How these choices are made and how we think about that process are at the moral and political core of this work. The book is an important empirical source for understanding the building of information infrastructures.

Sorting Things Out


Author : Geoffrey C. Bowker
language : en
Publisher: MIT Press (MA)
Release Date : 1999


Download Sorting Things Out written by Geoffrey C. Bowker and has been published by MIT Press (MA) this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1999 with Language Arts & Disciplines categories.


Classification systems and their role in shaping philosophy and social interactions are explored in this unique analysis of human infrastructures.

Sorting It Out


Author : Cynthia Friedlob
language : en
Publisher: Lulu.com
Release Date : 2006-05


Download Sorting It Out written by Cynthia Friedlob and has been published by Lulu.com this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2006-05 with Self-Help categories.


Does your heart race and your head ache when you look around your overcrowded home? That's a Stuff Attack! Do you feel overwhelmed by your possessions the minute you enter your front door? That's Stuff Overload! Does the standard advice from all those so-called organizing experts just make you want to crawl back under the bedcovers? Don't give up! Author Cynthia Friedlob tackles the issue of too much stuff head-on from a fresh, funny, and totally sympathetic point of view. A self-confessed Stuff Sufferer, she recounts stories of her own frustrating battles with too many possessions and offers some down-to-earth advice to set you on the road to Stuff Freedom. So don't despair! Help, and humor, are finally on the way from a woman who's been there, organized that, and lived to tell the tale!

Sorting Things Out


Author : George F. Dole
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2005


Download Sorting Things Out written by George F. Dole and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2005 with Religion categories.


Exploring Biblical themes, concepts from the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg, and scientific advances in fields such as holography and chaology, to help seekers to sort things out along life's path, drawing out purpose from the confusion of the human drama.

Boundary Objects And Beyond


Author : Geoffrey C. Bowker
language : en
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date : 2016-03-04


Download Boundary Objects And Beyond written by Geoffrey C. Bowker and has been published by MIT Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2016-03-04 with Language Arts & Disciplines categories.


The multifaceted work of the late Susan Leigh Star is explored through a selection of her writings and essays by friends and colleagues.

Standards And Their Stories


Author : Martha Lampland
language : en
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Release Date : 2009


Download Standards And Their Stories written by Martha Lampland and has been published by Cornell University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009 with Business & Economics categories.


Standardization is one of the defining aspects of modern life, its presence so pervasive that it is usually taken for granted. However cumbersome, onerous, or simply puzzling certain standards may be, their fundamental purpose in streamlining procedures, regulating behaviors, and predicting results is rarely questioned. Indeed, the invisibility of infrastructure and the imperative of standardizing processes signify their absolute necessity. Increasingly, however, social scientists are beginning to examine the origins and effects of the standards that underpin the technology and practices of everyday life.Standards and Their Stories explores how we interact with the network of standards that shape our lives in ways both obvious and invisible. The main chapters analyze standardization in biomedical research, government bureaucracies, the insurance industry, labor markets, and computer technology, providing detailed accounts of the invention of "standard humans" for medical testing and life insurance actuarial tables, the imposition of chronological age as a biographical determinant, the accepted means of determining labor productivity, the creation of international standards for the preservation and access of metadata, and the global consequences of "ASCII imperialism" and the use of English as the lingua franca of the Internet.Accompanying these in-depth critiques are a series of examples that depict an almost infinite variety of standards, from the controversies surrounding the European Union's supposed regulation of banana curvature to the minimum health requirements for immigrants at Ellis Island, conflicting (and ever-increasing) food portion sizes, and the impact of standardized punishment metrics like "Three Strikes" laws. The volume begins with a pioneering essay from Susan Leigh Star and Martha Lampland on the nature of standards in everyday life that brings together strands from the several fields represented in the book. In an appendix, the editors provide a guide for teaching courses in this emerging interdisciplinary field, which they term "infrastructure studies," making Standards and Their Stories ideal for scholars, students, and those curious about why coffins are becoming wider, for instance, or why the Financial Accounting Standards Board refused to classify September 11 as an "extraordinary" event.